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Frequently Asked Questions

that is not a home loan.

This document is a valuable document that mortgages your house against the housing loan you have received from the financial institution and receives payment from you. The purpose of this document is to secure the housing loan. With this document, the financing institution has the right to sell the mortgage and collect the remaining debt in return for the debt you have not paid.

3-What are the operations to be done after the sale?

Required Documents
* If there is a title deed of the real estate that is requested to be sold or if there is a document indicating the island, parcel number of the real estate, if there is none of the verbal declaration of the owner,
* Birth certificates or passports of sellers and buyers with photos,
* If the request comes from the representative of the owner, the representative's identity card with photos, one passport photo and the representative's document (power of attorney), the same documents if there are among the recipients who do not participate in the process in person.,
* One of the seller, two of the buyer, passport photos taken in the last six months,
* If a legal mortgage is to be established for a portion of the sale price, a photo of the seller is also required.

Financial Aspect Of The Transaction
* Each year, not less than the value of the property tax increased and the revaluation rate is added to the declared value of the buyer and seller separately 16.5 percent of the land registry fee pays per thousand.
* Inheritance and transfer tax, if any, will be dismissed by the seller of the real estate.
* Fees and education contributions are collected according to the tariff set in revolving fund management.

Property Declaration And Tax
The property tax declaration is issued every four years to the relevant municipalities to which the taxpayers are affiliated during the general declaration period. The first instalment of the land tax statement declared building accrued over the months (March, April, May months), the second installment shall be paid in two equal installments in the month of November also,

4-What are the points to be considered in the rental process?

A. Suggestions To Anyone Who Will Rent The Real Estate
1) always consult a lawyer before arranging and signing the lease agreement.
2) make sure that the eviction commitment: the eviction commitment must carry the date after the lease agreement. But if possible, it is better to have the arrangement and evacuation date blank.
3) state that if he is not evicted on the date of release, he will be paid a penalty condition.
4) set a penal clause for other matters and clearly specify the amount of the penal clause and how and how much it will increase for each year.
5) clearly specify how and at which address each month's rent will be paid.
6) if one of the rents is not paid or is paid late, write to the lease agreement that all lease receivables will be due.
7) Take bonds separately for each year, you cancel the bonds when the rents are paid.
8) be sure to get a cash guarantee and ask for a surety. If you receive promissory notes instead of cash as collateral, the date and amount of the arrangement be blank, and also the bearer not written on the nama be.
9) clearly specify the rate of increase in rent, without any hesitation.
10) write that at the end of the lease period, the key and the place subject to the lease must be submitted with a record.
11) write to the rental agreement with the brands and models of the fixtures located in the rented place. At the end of the lease term, the lessor will stay without paying the same price. Keep in mind that if you do not withdraw a notice in advance for a certain period of time, the rent will be automatically renewed and you will not be able to evict.

B. Proposals To The Tenant
Look at the housing you will rent, pay attention to its surroundings, social and economic life in that area. Search for access to your workplace. Even try transportation to your workplace if necessary. If you have children going to school, research the opportunities and quality of Education. Look for access to the school. Make sure you look inside the House. See the views. If there are broken parts in it that need to be repaired, give them to the landlord one by one. If necessary, tell the landlord to make the repairs or to be done by you on the condition that you deduct the rent. Make sure you have a written lease agreement. Keep a signed copy of this agreement for the duration of the lease.

Get the addresses and phones you can get to the landlord. It is useful to make provision in the contract that the lease agreement shall be explained to the deed. Chartering the lease to the deed will protect you against the new buyer if the real estate is sold. Even if the real estate is sold, you won't have to evacuate.

5-is there a zoning status for every land that has a deed?

There is no. The title deed is a document of ownership that contains the property information of that real estate.The zoning situation is land use decisions determined by the nazim plans and zoning plans. A district with these land use decisions is housing, green Yesil, School, Road etc. Could be. If a real estate belonging to a person and which has a title deed remains in a public use area, then the land or residence shall be expropriated by paying the price under the expropriation law.

6-How is the sale of land with shares?

If the land is owned, it is not possible to determine the share received on the land subject to common ownership. If the parcel plan has been made, it can be determined to which person the parcel was sold by notarizing on the sketch.

 7-What Should I pay attention to when buying the plot?

First of all, whether there is a title deed of the land to be taken or whether there is a share or a detached title deed is checked. It is checked whether there is a mortgage, lien or a restrictive condition in the Land Registry of the land to be taken from the Land Registry Office of the land to which the land belongs. Land belonging to the district / town, if any, will be taken from the Metropolitan Municipality of the plot, island, parcel numbers by specifying the state of the plans and the geological structure of the region is learned. When the information is completed, the sale is done from the deed. Sales made from notary public are not valid in the deed.

8-list of documents required for property declaration?

If the citizen applies directly to the municipality, the required documents list: identity card of the landowner address of the landowner telephone number of the landowner copy of the Land Registry in case the citizen applies to the municipality from another city, the necessary documents and procedures list: any municipality building, land or land declaration blank form taken; if The Citizen has Building,  For the declaration sent to the municipality, the accrual receipt must be cut off and sent to the related person with the postal cheque account number.

9-What is Cadastre?

 The act of determining the locations, boundaries, areas of immovable property and showing them on a plan.

10-which renovations should be applied to the municipality

Any changes to the licensed structures are subject to re-registration. If the gross area of the independent departments does not increase and the quality does not change, the license shall not be subject to any taxes, pictures or charges. Joints, internal and external plastering, painting, gutter, gutters, joinery, flooring and ceiling coverings, electrical and plumbing repairs for your roof repair and roof tiles, and transferring, based on characteristics of the locality in accordance with regulations to be specified in the zoning regulations to be prepared by the carrier is not subject to permit modifications and repairs that do not affect other element. Municipalities or governorates are authorized to determine the exterior paint and coverings and the material and color of the roof in order to harmonize between the buildings according to the characteristics of the neighborhood and the environment and to obtain a beautiful appearance.

11-How to obtain a construction permit?

In order to obtain a building license, the municipality, the offices of the governor or the legal representatives of the building owners are applied by petition. Only the title deed (the document that will replace the title deed in exceptional cases), architectural project, static project, Electrical and installation projects, pictures and accounts, röperli or if not, size sketch should be added to the petition. If the license and annexes are not found missing and wrong by the municipalities or governorates, the building license shall be issued within thirty days at the latest from the date of application. If missing or incorrect; within fifteen days from the date of application, the applicant shall be notified in writing about all the missing and wrongdoing. The building license shall be issued within fifteen days of the application to be made after the missing and wrongs have been fixed. 

12-How do you get permission to use the building?

If the building is completely finished, it is obligatory to obtain permission from the municipal and governor offices which issued the construction permit for the use of these parts, if the parts that are partially possible to use are completed. Upon the application of the owner, it must be determined that the building is in compliance with the license and annexes and that the use of it is not objectionable in terms of science. Municipalities and governorships are obliged to finalize the application of the owners within thirty days at the latest. Otherwise, at the end of this period, the use of the whole or the ending part of the building is deemed to be permitted.

13-What is the title deed?

A common deed is a deed showing the number of partners and their share ratios in an estate. In common land deeds, the places of the persons in the total land do not appear in the land registry, but the partners make this distinction by agreement among themselves, but this distinction does not appear in the land registry. Detached (independent) Land Registry is a title deed that belongs to a single person and whose borders and place are not partners specified in Cadastral plaftas. This title should be preferred in real estate purchases.

14-Can foreign nationals acquire real estate in Turkey?

According to the Land Registry Law No. 2644, foreign persons’acquisition of real estate in Turkey by sale or other means depends on the coexistence of reciprocity and compliance with legal limitations. 16 of the Constitution. according to the article, the acquisition of real estate by foreigners and their savings can only be limited by law in accordance with international law. According to the reciprocity principle, the acquisition of real estate in Turkey by a foreign citizen, the acquisition of real estate in that country of Turkish citizens is permitted by law and this right can also be applied.’ Accordingly, Germany, USA, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Barbados, Belgium, Brazil, Dominica, El Salvador, France, Gabon, Guatemala, the Netherlands, Great Britain, Ireland, Spain, Italy, Canada, CYPRUS, Colombia, Luxemburg, Malawi, Egypt, Norway, Central Africa, Panama, Peru, Somalia, Chile, Tanzania, Venezuela and nationals of Israel, it is allowed to acquire real estate in Turkey.

15-What is the Nazim zoning plan?

It is a plan which is prepared according to the plans of the region and the environment, if any, where the cadastral status is processed on the approved maps, which is prepared in accordance with the plans of the region and the environment, and which is organized in 1/2000 or 1/5000 scale, which is based on the preparation of the application development plans.

16-What is the application development plan?

It is a whole plan with its report prepared on 1/1000 scale, which shows the building islands of various regions, their density and layout, roads and the implementation stages and principles and other information which will be the basis for the development implementation programs required for the implementation, prepared in accordance with the approved maps and prepared in accordance with the approved zoning plan.

17-where can the development plan be made?

In the last census, it is obligatory to make zoning plans for settlements whose population exceeds 10,000.In settlements whose population did not exceed 10,000 at the last census, the city council decides whether a zoning plan is necessary.

18-How are the plans approved?

Within the boundaries of the municipality and the area, the zoning plans, which are approved by the municipal councils in the same way or amended and enacted, are sealed and signed by the mayor. Delays in the seal and signature period will not prevent the implementation of the zoning plan. Zoning plan proposals that are not deemed appropriate by the municipal councils are notified by writing to the Relevant Person within 15 days by the mayor's office. The zoning plans decided by the provincial administrative boards outside the boundaries of the municipality and the mujavir area shall enter into force upon approval by the governorship if deemed appropriate. Zoning plan proposals deemed inappropriate by the governorship are notified in writing to the relevant person within 15 days by stating the reasons. Approved plans are announced for a period of 30 days after the date of approval by the relevant administration by posting them in public places and announcing them by means of local communication where they can be seen and how they can be seen. Within the 30-day notice period, the objection to the plans is made before the relevant administration. Places within the boundaries of the municipality and the surrounding area; the objections and plans sent to the municipal council by the mayor, the city council within 15 days by examining the grounds of the final decision and 15 days from the date of the decision shall be notified to the relevant person by the mayor in writing. In places outside the boundaries of the municipality and the surrounding area; the objections made to the governorship are determined by examining the governorship within 15 days and stating the reasons and notified by writing to the relevant governorship within 15 days from this date.

19-How are the plans approved?

Within the boundaries of the municipality and the area, the zoning plans, which are approved by the municipal councils in the same way or amended and enacted, are sealed and signed by the mayor. Delays in the seal and signature period will not prevent the implementation of the zoning plan. Zoning plan proposals that are not deemed appropriate by the municipal councils are notified by writing to the Relevant Person within 15 days by the mayor's office. The zoning plans decided by the provincial administrative boards outside the boundaries of the municipality and the mujavir area shall enter into force upon approval by the governorship if deemed appropriate. Zoning plan proposals deemed inappropriate by the governorship are notified in writing to the relevant person within 15 days by stating the reasons. Approved plans are announced for a period of 30 days after the date of approval by the relevant administration by posting them in public places and announcing them by means of local communication where they can be seen and how they can be seen. Within the 30-day notice period, the objection to the plans is made before the relevant administration. Places within the boundaries of the municipality and the surrounding area; the objections and plans sent to the municipal council by the mayor, the city council within 15 days by examining the grounds of the final decision and 15 days from the date of the decision shall be notified to the relevant person by the mayor in writing. In places outside the boundaries of the municipality and the surrounding area; the objections made to the governorship are determined by examining the governorship within 15 days and stating the reasons and notified by writing to the relevant governorship within 15 days from this date.

What is the application of 20 - 18 articles?

The land and land with or without buildings within the zoning boundaries are tried to merge them with each other, with road surpluses, with places belonging to public institutions or municipalities, to divide them into islands or parcels in accordance with the reconstruction plan, to distribute them to the owners of rights according to the principles of detached, shareholding or condominium and to This practice is the 18th amendment of the Zoning Act No. 3194. Since it is defined in the article, it is defined by this name. The above mentioned powers are used by the governorship if the places mentioned are outside the municipality and the surrounding area. During the distribution of land and land regulated by municipalities or governorates, enough of their land area can be deducted as "regulatory partnership share" in return for the increase in value resulting from the regulation. However, the arrangement partnership shares to be taken according to this article may not exceed thirty-five percent of the land and land areas prior to the arrangement. Regulation partnership shares cannot be used for any other purpose than public services such as roads, squares, parks, parking lots, children's playground, Yesil field, mosques and police stations which are required by the regulated places and facilities related to these services.

21-What should I pay attention to when buying a house?

First of all, whether there is a title deed of the residence to be taken and whether the floor property has been passed. It is checked whether there is a mortgage, lien or a restrictive condition in the land registry records of the residence to be taken from the Land Registry Office of the territory to which the residence belongs.The district/town to which the residence belongs, if any, will be taken from the Metropolitan Municipality of the house, the plot, island, parcel numbers of the state of the plans and the geological structure of the region will be learned. When the information is completed, the sale is done from the deed. Sales made from notary public are not valid in the deed.

22-What can be done if there are tenants in the purchased property?

 If the owner of the property is required to use the property, he / she may file an eviction suit against the tenant within 6 months after the date of purchase by notifying the tenant within one month of the date of purchase. The new purchaser of this property shall also inherit all the provisions of the contract between the former owner and the tenant. At the end of the lease agreement, Bunedenle has the right to sue due to need. However, if this period is long, the law has granted a period of 6 months for the tenant to be evicted without waiting for this period and has ruled that eviction proceedings can be filed at the end of this period. For this reason, it should be reported that the new owner of the residence purchased the property within a month from the date of the purchase of the property by means of a notary public notice and that he / she purchased it, and that he / she needed the residence, and that this evacuation was requested.

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